A "large number" of Republican governors want to require drug testing, among other things, saying that new rules would better prepare recipients for employment and assure taxpayers that the benefit money is well spent, The Wall Street Journal reports.
For example, Gov. Scott Walker of Wisconsin says he will propose that his state mandate drug screening for people seeking nutrition or cash assistance.
At least 10 states have approved drug tests for some welfare benefits, says the WSJ.
In Utah, Republicans want to require that some residents allow the state to help them get a job if they want to collect benefits through Medicaid.
Indiana Gov. Mike Pence is proposing that Medicaid recipients pay at least a few dollars a month as a condition for receiving benefits, to give them a direct financial stake in their health care.
Critics say the new requirements, especially drug testing, unfairly target low-income people and are aimed at cutting recipients off the benefit rolls.
Many of the efforts have faced resistance from the Obama administration, although federal courts also have limited the state push.